List of medicinal plant species in the semi-natural Miscanthus sinensis grasslands in Nagano and Yamanashi Prefectures, Japan
The dataset collected from the typical and the most representative type of semi-natural grasslands in Satoyama landscape in Honshu island, Japan. Twelve grasslands were located on the Kaida Plateau between 1000–1300 m a.s.l. in Nagano Prefecture (approximate geographical coordinate of the study area: 35.931555N, 137.604300E) and six grasslands were located on the north-eastern foot of Mt. Fuji between 1000–1300 m a.s.l. in Yamanashi Prefecture (approximate geographical coordinate of the study area: 35.431819N, 138.812522E). The study sites included local semi-natural Miscanthus sinensis grasslands with different land management types: three sites in Nagano and an one site in Yamanashi managed by mowing (M), three sites in Nagano and in Yamanashi managed by burning (B), three sites in Nagano managed by combination of burning&mowing (B&M) and three sites in Nagano and two sites in Yamanashi were abandoned (A). The fieldworks conducted on June-July and September-October in 2017. Three plots per line transect and three line transects (about 30 m long) per study site were selected according to elevation in slope of site: bottom, central and upper. Botanical inventory included the list of all plant species per 1 m2 plots (nine plots per site). In the dataset the number one marks the occurrence of medicinal plant species by different management types in studied regions. Taxonomy and distribution follow: World Flora Online. http://www.worldfloraonline.org/. Assessed 11 June 2020. The list of medicinal plants in Japan was combined from different literature sources: 1) Wiart, C. (2012). Medicinal Plants of China, Korea, and Japan. Bioresources for Tomorrow’s Drugs and Cosmetics. 1st Edition. Boca Raton: CRC Press. https://doi.org/10.1201/b12046; 2) Quattrocchi, U. (2012). CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants. Common Names, Scientific Names, Eponyms, Synonyms, and Etymology. 1st Edition. Boca Raton: CRC Press. https://doi.org/10.1201/b16504; School of Pharmacy/Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences Kumamoto University. Database of herbal plants. http://www.pharm.kumamoto-u.ac.jp/yakusodb/. Assessed 17 Oct 2020; The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan. List of herbal plant species. https://www.pharm.or.jp/flowers/ Assessed 17 Oct 2020.