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Strong temporal variation of consumer δ13C value in an oligotrophic reservoir is related to water level fluctuation

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Pisipilt

Kuupäev

2023

Kättesaadav alates

Autorid

Veselý, Lukáš
Ercoli, Fabio
Ruokonen, Timo
Bláha, Martin
Duras, Jindřich
Haubrock, Phillip J.
Kainz, Martin
Hämäläinen, Heikki
Buřič, Miloš
Kouba, Antonín

Ajakirja pealkiri

Ajakirja ISSN

Köite pealkiri

Kirjastaja

Nature Portfolio

Abstrakt

Using stable carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis (δ 13 C and δ 15 N) to assess trophic interactions in freshwater ecosystems is a well established method, providing insight into ecosystem functioning. However, the spatial and temporal variability of isotope values, driven by environmental fluctuation is poorly understood and can complicate interpretations. We investigated how the temporal variation of stable isotopes in consumers (fish, crayfish and macrozoobenthos) of a canyon-shaped oligotrophic reservoir is associated with environmental factors such as water temperature, transparency, flooded area, and water quality measures. Consumers and their putative food sources were sampled and analyzed for carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes annually, and environmental parameters were measured monthly from 2014 to 2016. Results revealed significant differences in δ 13 C and δ 15 N values in each consumer among studied years. Over the years, fish and crayfish expressed differences in δ 13 C between 3 and 5‰, whereas in zoobenthos differences were 12‰. Variability in δ 15 N was similar across all consumers (2–4‰). Moreover, results suggest that the flooded area of the reservoir was a major driver of δ 13 C stable isotope values variation in consumers, while variation in δ 15 N was not linked to any of the studied environmental factors. Bayesian mixing models further showed significant changes in the origin of detritivorous zoobenthos carbon sources (reversal shift from terrestrial detritus to algae origin) between years with low water level to years with the standard water level. Other species showed only slight differences in food source utilization among years. Our study highlights the importance of environmental factors as sources of variation in consumer’s stable isotope values which should be considered especially when studied ecosystem strongly fluctuate in some environmental factor.
This study was supported by the Ministry of Education, Youth, and Sports of the Czech Republic (project CENAKVA II – LO1205 under the NPU I Programme) and by the Estonian University of Life Sciences (research project P190254PKKH to FE). This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 951963. We thank Mikko Kiljunen for his valuable comments. Additionally, we thank Jan Kubec and Martin Fořt for their help with the field sampling. In addition, we thank three anonymous reviewers for their valuable and constructive comments.

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reservoir, isotope analysis, water level, articles

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