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Short rotation plantations : guidelines for efficient biomass production with the safe application of wastewater and sewage sludge




Kättesaadav alates


Ajakirja pealkiri

Ajakirja ISSN

Köite pealkiri


International Ecological Engineering Society


These guidelines were elaborated and published under the EU-funded BIOPROS project, where 25 partners from 11 European countries worked together for more than 3 years on approaches that can make wastewater and sewage sludge application in “Short Rotation Plantations (SRP)1” safer and more efficient. The main driving factor for starting the project were previous experiences from Sweden, the UK, Estonia and Poland that highlighted the potential to use willow plantations for a combination of high-yielding woody biomass production and associated wastewater purification. Within BIOPROS there was a particular focus on SRP with willows and poplars (Salix spp. and Populus spp.), because these are the two most common tree genera in Europe for woody biomass production with short rotation cycles. However, SRP should not be limited to only these two species, because eucalyptus, alders (Alnus spp.) and other species might also have a significant regional potential and therefore should be considered for SRP, as long as they guarantee fast growth and high uptake rates for water and nutrients to achieve the aimed wastewater and sewage sludge treatment performance. The production of woody biomass from willow and poplars without application of wastewater or sewage sludge is very common in Europe and the reader should keep in mind that several guidelines for such plantations (e.g. Short Rotation Coppice–SRC) have been published elsewhere (see Annex). As the focus in BIOPROS was specifically on the safe reuse of human residues in SRPs, these guidelines contain a lot of specialized additional information about such practices.




short rotation forest, energy cultures, silviculture, sewage, mud, recycling, profitability, handbooks