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Prey selection and growth in 0+ Eurasian perch Perca fluviatilis L. in littoral zones of seven temperate lakes




Kättesaadav alates


Karus, Katrit
Zagars, Matiss
Agasild, Helen
Feldmann, Tõnu
Tuvikene, Arvo
Puncule, Linda
Zingel, Priit

Ajakirja pealkiri

Ajakirja ISSN

Köite pealkiri




We studied the relationships between the planktonic food base and feeding patterns of juvenile mid-summer/ early autumn Eurasian perch Perca fluviatilis L., a common predatory freshwater fish in large parts of Europe and Asia. The feeding of 0+ perch was studied during summer and autumn in littoral habitats of seven lakes with different environmental conditions –four Latvian (Auciema, Riebinu, Vārzgūnes, Laukezers) and three Estonian (Kaiavere, Prossa and Akste) lakes. Simultaneously, the abundance, biomass and structure of zooplankton communities were examined. We focused on the littoral areas because many studies in lakes suggest that littoral habitats are particularly important for 0+ fish growth and survival. We were interested in the question: can the diet and growth of 0+ perch be explained by zooplankton community structure? We also presumed that if the amount of zooplankton is low, more benthic invertebrates will be consumed by 0+ perch. Opposite to expectations, we found that zooplankton always counted for over 90% of diet biomass in perch. There were also clear correlations between the zooplankton biomass in a given lake, the zooplankton biomass in 0+ perch stomachs, and the fish growth rate. The study also suggested that nutrient enrichment can positively impact the 0+ perch feeding conditions in lakes.
The project is financed by the European Regional Development Fund, the State budget of the Republic of Latvia and the foundation “Institute for Environmental Solutions”. Funding for this project was also provided by the European Union‘s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under Grant Agreement No. 951963 (TREICLAKE “Towards Research Excellence and Innovation Capacity in Studying Lake Ecosystems Functional Structures and Climate Change Impact”).



exogenous feeding, food selectivity, perch, young-of- the- year fish, zooplankton, articles