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dc.contributor.advisorEremeev, Vyacheslav
dc.contributor.authorVolkov, Tõnis
dc.date.accessioned2019-05-28T11:03:26Z
dc.date.available2019-05-28T11:03:26Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10492/5036
dc.descriptionBakalaureusetöö Põllumajandussaaduste tootmise ja turustamise õppekavalest
dc.description.abstractUurimusöö eesmärgiks oli uurida mahe- ja tavaviljelusviisi mõju kartuli saagistruktuuri elementide kujunemist vegetatsiooni perioodi vältel ning samuti tärklise- ja nitraatidesisaldust. Katse toimus Eesti Maaülikooli põllumajandus- ja keskkonnainstituudi Eerika katsepõllul 2018. aastal. Kartul oli üks külvikorra kultuuridest. Katse eesmärgil kasvatati kartulisorti ”Teele”. Maheviljeluses kasutati 3 varianti. 0 variant ilma vahekultuuri ja sõnnikuta, I variant kus kasutati talvist vahekultuuri ning II variant kus kasutati nii vahekultuuri kui ka komposteerunud sõnnikut normiha 20 t ha-1 . Maheviljeluses taimekaitset ei kasutatud. Tavaviljeluses kasutati taimekaitset kõikides variantides milleks oli 0 variant kus väetist ei antud, N50 kus anti 50kg lämmastik väetist ning N100 ja N150 kus anti vastavalt 100kg ja 150kg lämmastikväetist. Uurimustööst selgus, et maheviljelusviisi puhul on kartuli kogusaak kui ka kaubanduslik saak madalam kui tavaviljeluses alates 70. kasvupäevast. Suuri mugulaid on vegetatiivse perioodi lõpus tavaviljelusviisi puhul suurem kui maheviljeluses. Tärklise sisaldus on suurem maheviljelusviisi puhul. Nitraatide sisaldus on suurem tavaviljelusviisi kasutades.est
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of the research was to study the effects of organic and conventional farming on the structure of potato harvest and also the nitrate and starch content. The test was carried out in the field of Eerika the Institute of Agriculture and Environment of the Estonian University of Life Sciences in 2018. Potato was one of the crop rotation crops. For the purpose of the experiment, the potato variety ”Teele” was grown. Three different variants were used in organic farming. 0 variant without intermediate culture and no manure, variant I where winter intermediate culture was used and variant II where both intermediate culture and composted manure were used. Plant protection was not used in organic farming. In conventional cultivation, plant protection was used in all variants, which was 0 variant where no fertilizer was given, N50 was given 50kg nitrogen fertilizer and N100 and N150 were given 100kg and 150kg nitrogen fertilizer respectively. The study showed that in the case of organic farming, the total harvest of potatoes as well as the commercial harvest is lower than in conventional crops since the 70 DAP. At the end of the vegetative period, large tubers are more common in conventional farming than in organic farming. Starch content is higher for organic farming. The nitrate content is higher using conventional cultivation.eng
dc.publisherEesti Maaülikool
dc.subjectbakalaureusetöödest
dc.subjectkartulest
dc.subjectsaagikusest
dc.subjectmahepõllumajandusest
dc.subjecttavapõllumajandusest
dc.titleMahe- ja tavaviljeluse mõju kartuli saagistruktuuri elementide kujunemiseleest
dc.title.alternativeThe effects of organic and conventional farming on the formation of elements of the potato harvest structureeng
dc.typeThesis
dc.date.defensed2019-05-29
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate29.08.2019


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